You are searching about How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago, today we will share with you article about How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago was compiled and edited by our team from many sources on the internet. Hope this article on the topic How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago is useful to you.
How Ornate Picture Frames Are Made Using Different Frame Making Techniques
There are several different types of ornate frames. They include hand-carved ornaments made from solid wood, hand-made composition ornaments applied to a pre-jointed frame, machine-made compo frames and mechanical embossed wood ornaments.
Frames have been made of solid wood for several thousand years. There are examples from Ancient Egypt and there is a strong link between the Roman Catholic Church and ornately framed religious artwork for at least the last 1000 years. The Egyptians discovered methods of applying gold leaf to wood by applying a log made of Armenian clay. The clay provided a smooth base to which the gold leaf could be applied and the red color of the trunk imparted a delicious sheen to the thin layer of gold applied over it. Modern gilding still uses identical methods of attaching gold leaf to wood.
In early European examples the ornaments were carved to match the architecture of the time. The frames were often designed by the artist in consultation with the artisan framer. In many examples, the frame was made before the artwork was painted. The panels and canvases the artist would prepare used similar materials such as animal tails combined with calcium carbonate or chalk to make a sound surface to start painting on.
The carved pictures were usually painted with the same mixture of rabbit skin glue, water, dull plaster and chalk. The gesso mixture was applied hot from a water bath and built up in several layers. The last layers before gilding were made with a cake mix where often the lowlights were covered in a yellow ocher clay and the highlights were reddish in tone. The yellow tint provided a mask for where the hollow section of the ornament can be left ungilded. It was difficult to get the gold leaf down in each gap so the yellow tint helped to disguise the missing leaf.
Framers wanted to make ornate pictures faster and also wished to reproduce a particular design to save time in the laborious task of carving so they developed a compound called “compo”. The composition as it was known was a secret recipe made basically of rock resin or rosin that had been melted with raw linseed oil. This molten resin mixture was then combined with hot rabbit fur glue and rapidly mixed to emulsify the oil and water mixture. As the component was mixed, a filler in the form of powdered chalk or whiting was added to give the material body.
The composition could be made in a large batch and stored as bricks to later be heated and reactivated into a flexible molding compound.
Ornaments could be sculpted once and then carved as a negative mold or copy the ornament using cast shellac or copy cast resin by pressing the hot compo into the mold and then applying the flexible ornament to the frame before it. it had cooled and hardened.
Many replica paintings are still made today by the composition method.
The modern use of silicone has allowed the easy replication of carved ornaments although there are several practitioners of the old methods using traditional materials.
The ornate sweep painting where an ornament is applied to a wooden base and then gilded is a common example. The gilding in this case is usually done with schlagmetal or Dutch metal foil. An imitation gold made from a mixture of copper and nickel. Schlagmetal is applied using an oil gilding method in which a slow drying varnish is applied to the prepared frame and after a set time, just before the varnish is completely dry, foil is applied to the surface. If the foil is applied too soon, the finish is dull and lifeless, but when the timing is right, a shiny golden surface is achieved. This type of gilding needs to be protected with layers of shellac and is also often varnished to prevent tarnishing.
Most commercial gold frames are made with artificial gold leaf such as schlagmetal due to the low cost of the material and the faster application of the finish and preparation of the underlying wood.
Modern ornate gold frames that can be bought in lengths are usually made with a mechanical compo machine. The machine consists of a feeder type system where a wood profile is drawn through the machine passing under a large stamping wheel that has the pattern engraved on it. A modern mixture of synthetic composites or wood mast, much like a wet mix of MDF, is pumped over the frame just before it passes under the recording wheel. The wheel stamps the pattern into the mixture as the wood passes through the machine.
The profiles are then dried and can be finished in a number of ways, from painting, gilding or synthetic foil with a hot stamping machine. Sheets are available in a wide range of finishes imitating all types of finishes.
The other common method of producing decorative finished wood frames is to use a mechanical stamping machine. The embossing machine is similar to the compositing machine, but instead of applying a layer of compo to the frame, the wheel with the pattern on it is heated using a set torch. The wheel is gradually heated by rotating it through the gas flame until it is hot enough to burn the wood. The pattern is then embossed into the wooden frame molding under heat and pressure. Typically, this type of frame is tinted a dark color to help hide the odd burn marks.
There are different molding techniques being developed all the time for the modern replication of ornate frames. These methods often involve mass reproduction of a particular design just to meet a specific price that is acceptable to the market. They are not usually used to make unique handmade frames to fit individual works of art.
It pays to understand ancient methods and appreciate that techniques developed over centuries have a place of value. A modern picture frame may last a century, but this is usually unlikely, whereas traditionally made antique frames lasted a millennium.
Video about How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago
You can see more content about How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago on our youtube channel: Click Here
Question about How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago
If you have any questions about How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago, please let us know, all your questions or suggestions will help us improve in the following articles!
The article How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago was compiled by me and my team from many sources. If you find the article How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago helpful to you, please support the team Like or Share!
Rate Articles How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago
Rate: 4-5 stars
Search keywords How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago
How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago
way How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago
tutorial How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago
How To Get An Animal Style Double Double In Chicago free
#Ornate #Picture #Frames #Frame #Making #Techniques