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Taekwondo Forms: ATA, ITF, WTF
A “form” in Taekwondo is a choreographed series of movements, which can be done with or without weapons, for the purpose of interval cardio training and development of the mind and body procedure. They are more like exercise and conditioning than fighting, while also showing the martial arts of Taekwondo. In the competition, the Taekwondo forms are judged by a panel of judges, who evaluate the Taekwondo forms based on criteria such as strength, accuracy, control, and speed.
Taekwondo books are given different Korean names based on the organization of the dojo.
In unaffiliated, Traditional Taekwondo, the document is called Hyeong.
In ATA (American Taekwondo Association) and WTF (World Taekwondo Federation), the file is called Poomsae.
In ITF (International Taekwondo Federation) style, the file is called Teul.
Types of Taekwondo Forms
Traditional Taekwondo: Because traditional Taekwondo is not organized and therefore not standardized, its writings are a combination of many different schools. There are no “standard” forms for Traditional Taekwondo.
ITF Taekwondo Forms: There are 24 ITF Taekwondo forms, (Teul), developed mostly in the 1960s. ITF Taekwondo represents the first attempt to unify and standardize martial arts.
ITF White Belts do not do books, but simple exercises. As students move up in the Taekwondo belt, the information increases.
In more detail, the ITF Taekwondo Forms are:
Chon Ji – means “Sky-Light”, refers to the beginning of the world, and is suitable for a beginner to enter the world of Taekwondo.
Dan-Gun – Named after the founder of the first kingdom of Korea in 2333 BCE. Indeed, he is the son of God.
Do-San – Named after Ahn Chang-Ho, whose pen name is Dosan, a prominent Korean activist and leader of Korean-American immigrants in America.
Won-Hyo – Named after an important thinker and writer in Korean religion.
Yul-Gok – Named after the Korean philosopher Yi I (Yul-Gok was his pseudonym), known as the Confucius of Korea, who thought of Chi as the ruler of the universe.
Joong-Gun – Named after the Korean Patriot who killed the Japanese Prime Minister.
Toi-Gye – Named after Yi-Hwang, a Korean Noe-Confucian scholar.
Hwa-Rang – Named after a group of famous scholar-soldiers in the leadership of the Korean army.
Choong-Moo – Named after the invincible Korean tycoon Yi Soon-Sin, who saved Korea from collapse due to Japanese invasion in 1592.
ITF Taekwondo Black Belt Forms
Kwang-Gae – Named after the 4th century Korean emperor, who expanded the country’s empire.
Po-Eun – Named after the 14th century Korean poet, scholar, and public servant Chong Mong Chu.
Gae-Baek – Named after a 7th century Korean general, remembered for his bravery in standing up against odds.
Eui-Am – Named after the name of the 20th century leader of Korean independence Son Byong-Hi.
Choong-Jang – Named after a 14th century Korean general.
Juche – Named after the philosophical idea that man is the master of his destiny.
Sam-Il – Translated to March 1st, referring to the 1919 day of the Korean Independence Movement.
Yoo-Sin – Named after a 7th century Korean general, famous for helping unify the country.
Choi-Yong – Named after a 14th century Korean general.
Yon-Gae – Named after a 7th century Korean general.
Ul-Ji – Named after a 7th century Korean leader who fought the invasion of almost a million men.
Moon-Moo – Named after a 7th century Korean king.
So-San – Named after a 16th century Korean queen who helped organize a force to fight Japanese pirates.
Se-Jong – Named after the 15th century Korean king, who helped create the Hangul alphabet.
Tong-Il – Shows the reunification of Korea, divided since 1945.
ATA Taekwondo Application: The ATA and its documents (poomsae) were created for a while with the ITF, but tend to be more involved in football.
Color Use ATA Taekwondo Form (poomsae):
Songahm 1 – 18 moves
Songahm 2 – 23 moves
Songahm 3 – 28 moves
Songahm 4 – 31 moves
Songahm 5 – 34 moves
In Wha 1 – 44 moves
In Wha 2 – 42 moves
Choong-Jung 1 – 44 moves
Choong-Jung 2 – 46 moves
ATA Taekwondo Black Belt Forms (poomsae):
Shim Jun – 1st Dan, 81 moves
Jung Yul – 2nd Dan, 82 moves
Chung San – 3rd Dan, 83 moves
Sok Bong – 4th Dan, 84 moved
Chung Hae – 5th Dan, 95 moves
Jhang Soo – 6th Dan, 96 moves
Chul Joon – 7th Dan, 97 moves
Jeong Seung – 8th Dan, 98 moves
World Taekwondo Federation Forms (Poomsae): This document is less combative and focuses on preparing students for sports and competition, with more integrity than inferiority.
Color Belt World Taekwondo Federation Forms (Poomsae):
Taegeuk Il Jang – A simple walking stance poomsae, meaning “the sky”, from all the beginning, symbolizing the beginning of training in Taekwondo.
Taegeuk Ee Jang – An additional front-stance focus poomsae meaning “pool”, as the movement must have water not frozen.
Taegeuk Sam Jang – Meaning “fire”, this poomsae has to do with burning and bursting with energy.
Taegeuk Sa Jang – Meaning “thunder”, this poomsae is practiced with pride and dignity.
Taegeuk Oh Jang – Meaning “wind”, as it is strong and gentle.
Taegeuk Yook Jang – The meaning of “water”, as it is liquid and gentle, still persists.
Taegeuk Chil Jang – Representing the mountain, this form is noted for its stability, stability, and strength.
Taegeuk Pal Jang – The global stance, as it has all of the others, and is the basis for the black reference in the future.
World Taekwondo Federation Black Belt Forms (poomsae):
Koryo – 1st Dan, named after the dynasty from which the word “Korea” comes.
Keumgang – 2nd Dan, meaning diamond, which is very strong and hard to break.
Taebaek – 3rd Dan, refers to the “shining mountains” from which the leader of Korea is believed to have ruled the country.
Pyongwon – 4th Dan, refers to the big, huge.
Sipjin – 5th Dan, the meaning of longevity, and refers to continuous growth and development.
Jitae – 6th Dan, this poomsae refers to the earth, and the great power in it, as related to the great power in the human body.
Cheonkwon – 7th Dan, sent to the sky and the majesty and awe it inspires in men, forcing them to go on forever.
Hansoo – 8th Dan, symbolizes the fluidity and adaptability of water, from which Taekwondo gets its strength.
Ilyeo – 9th Dan, refers to the concept of trust between mind and body.
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