How Many Beer Styles Are Recognized By The Brewers Association Hops Brings Beer To Life Growers Bring Life To the Hops

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Hops Brings Beer To Life Growers Bring Life To the Hops

Nws tuaj yeem hais tau tias, npias loj hlob yog txoj haujlwm qias neeg. Cov hauj lwm qias neeg, ib qho yeeb yam ntawm Discovery Channel, tshaj tawm ib ntu 2017 featuring sau hops. Cov yeeb yam tau mus xyuas 4 tiam hops ua liaj ua teb hauv Yakima, Washington thaum lub Cuaj Hlis hops sau. Hops yog ib qho tseem ceeb hauv kev ua npias thiab hwm hops yog qhov tsim nyog hauv kev ua npias hwm. Tsis yog ntau tus neeg haus npias nruab nrab xav ntau txog hops tshwj tsis yog paub txog seb lawv nyiam ib qho aroma thiab / lossis saj cov ntsiab lus uas muab beers rau tus cwj pwm.

Los ntawm ntau pua ntau yam ntawm hops, kev xaiv ntawm cov hops tshwj xeeb thiab lawv siv li cas hauv cov txheej txheem brewing yog dab tsi cais cov khoom siv tes ua npias los ntawm “slam ’em down” npias. Thaum kawg, cov neeg siv khoom pov npav nrog lawv cov nyiaj. Txog tam sim no cov kev xaiv tsa nyiam cov khoom siv tes ua brewers, vim tias niaj hnub no cov neeg siv npias yog loj rau tag nrho cov beers loaded nrog hop flavors thiab aromas; lub “umami” hauv npias.

Dab tsi tuaj yeem ua rau cov khoom siv tes ua npias zoo dua yog kom nkag siab me ntsis txog cov neeg thiab cov txheej txheem uas tsim cov hops. Mia Hoang sau rau hauv Yakima Herald hais tias nws zoo tshaj plaws, “Cov neeg xav yuav npias los ntawm cov neeg uas lawv paub txawm tias tangentially.”

Qhov twg kev lag luam nyob rau niaj hnub no tau taug kev ntev. Hauv kev muaj tiag, dhau 100 xyoo dhau los kev lag luam tau ntsib kev nce qib tseem ceeb hauv kev loj hlob thiab kev tsim kho tshiab hauv ntau hom hop thiab kev txiav txim siab terroir. Peb paub tias npias tau nyob ib ncig ntawm 12,000 xyoo. Los ntawm kev sib piv, wine muaj nyob rau 9,000 xyoo. Tej zaum npias tuaj ua ntej vim grain yog domesticated ntev ua ntej grapes. Hops hauv npias qhov tseeb yog kev tsim kho tshiab uas hloov zuj zus nyob ib puag ncig 736 hauv Tebchaws Yelemees. Ua ntej 736 npias muaj iab ntxiv los ntawm cov nroj tsuag thiab paj, ib txhia ntseeg txawm tias dandelions. Niaj hnub no, qee qhov homebrewer qhov kev sim nrog ntoo thuv kom ntxiv iab rau npias.

Peb lub luag haujlwm ntawm hops yog muab npias sib npaug rau qhov muaj txiaj ntsig zoo nkauj hauv lub mash thaum ntxiv aroma thiab complex saj nta. Ib txhia mus kom deb li deb mus nrhiav hops ntxiv qhov ncauj.

Lub ntiaj teb lub hops capitol yog Yakima Valley nyob rau hauv Washington State thiab lub tuam txhab loj tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no muab hwm hops rau brewers yog Yakima Chief Hops (YCH). Qhov no yog ib lub tuam txhab muaj los ntawm 15 hop growers. Xyoo 2019 YCH tau muag ntau dua 27 lab phaus ntawm hops rau brewers hauv 108 lub teb chaws thiab hauv Asmeskas

Hops tau dhau los ua qoob loo hauv Tebchaws Meskas xyoo 1629. Qhov no tej zaum suav tias yog vim li cas New York lub xeev tau los ua ib lub chaw tsim khoom loj-thaum pib cov pejxeem tau tsom mus rau Northeast. Txawm li cas los xij, nyob rau hauv lub rooj sib tham peb centuries, ob qhov xwm txheej ib txhij tau rhuav tshem New York hops-kev txwv thiab kab mob. Los ntawm thaum ntxov 1900’s, California, Oregon, thiab Washington tau ua haujlwm zoo zuj zus. Xyoo 1880’s California tau xa tawm qee qhov hops mus rau Ireland rau lub tuam txhab Guinness Brewing. Niaj hnub no tsis muaj leej twg tuaj yeem tawm tsam qhov tseeb tias Lub Xeev Washington tau dim txoj kev txwv thiab dhau los ua lub zog loj hauv kev loj hlob. Feem ntau vim yog terroir, kev tshawb fawb dav dav, thiab kev txhim kho ntawm cov hops tshiab uas tseem tsom rau kev kho kab mob.

Qhov tseem ceeb ntawm txhua yam hops yog nyob rau sab qaum teb hnub poob: Washington-Yakima Valley, Oregon-Willamette Valley, thiab Idaho-Treasure Valley. Txawm li cas los xij, tus ntxhw hauv chav yog Washington State. Raws li tau sau tseg saum toj no, Yakima Chief Hops (YCH) yog qhov tseem ceeb hauv kev tsav tsheb hops paub thoob ntiaj teb, los ntawm 15 tus tswv thiab 37 tus neeg cog qoob loo. Qhov no yog ib lub tuam txhab uas ua raws li cov qauv nruj raws li ISO 9001 cov khoom lag luam thiab ua cov ntawv pov thawj zoo thiab ISO 1401 ib puag ncig cov qauv. Yakima Chief Hops yog Certified Organic los ntawm Washington Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Ua Liaj Ua Teb thiab ua haujlwm nrog 6 tus neeg cog qoob loo cog qoob loo loj los muag lawv cov ntawv pov thawj organic hops. Zoo li feem ntau cov khoom lag luam ua liaj ua teb, cov ntawv sau cov organic tseem ceeb heev.

Lub EU tseem xav tau cov khoom ua liaj ua teb txawv teb chaws yog cov organic nrog cov qauv tsim khoom zoo. Kev mob siab rau cov ntawv pov thawj zoo yog cuam tshuam rau YCH vim tias lawv ncav cuag thoob ntiaj teb. YCH muaj chaw ua haujlwm thiab muag khoom nyob txhua qhov chaw hauv ntiaj teb nrog kev lag luam brewing tseem ceeb.

Kev lag luam uas Yakima Chief Hops (YCH) ua haujlwm tsis txwv rau cov lag luam loj loj. Lawv tau cog lus rau tag nrho cov brewers, txawm rau tsev brewers. Pawg micro-brewery sawv cev rau 51% ntawm Yakima Chief Hops tag nrho cov muag khoom. Lawv cov kev muag khoom tau tsim tawm thoob plaws 8 cov khoom sib txawv xws li: Tag Nrho Nplooj, T-90 Pellets, Hop Blends, Aged Hops, Cryo Hops, thiab rho tawm.

Raws li Craft Brewing Lag Luam muaj txog 70 ntau yam ntawm hops tsim. Txhua yam khoom muag los ntawm YCH raug kuaj rau cov qauv zoo thaum lub caij cog qoob loo nrog rau cov lus hais los ntawm brewers- aroma, saj, alpha thiab beta acids, thiab roj. YCH faib hops tau loj hlob los ntawm 52 hop ua liaj ua teb suav nrog 21,600 daim av.

Raws li tau tshaj tawm los ntawm USDA, hauv Asmeskas muaj kwv yees li 59,000 acres ntawm hops uas Washington thiab Oregon muaj 57,000 daim av (21,600 sawv cev los ntawm Yakima Chief Hops). Kwv yees li 90% ntawm cov hops siv rau brewing craft npias hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas los ntawm Yakima Chief Hops / Northwest. Lub teb chaws Yelemees yog tus thib ob loj tshaj plaws ntawm hops. Nyob rau hauv 2019 Lub teb chaws Yelemees tsim 48,000 tons piv rau US cov khoom ntawm 54,000 tons.

Ntxiv rau kev muag khoom thiab kev lag luam, Yakima Chief Hops tau koom nrog ntau hauv kev tshawb fawb thiab kev tsim cov hops tshiab uas tso cai rau YCH mus rau cov neeg muag khoom nyob rau hauv kev ua lag luam aromas thiab saj hops. YCH muaj kev koom tes nrog kev sib koom ua ke nrog Yakima Chief Ranches (YCR), ua ke lawv ua haujlwm ntawm cov haujlwm xws li kev loj hlob, kev tswj kab mob, thiab ntau yam hops tshiab. Cov kev siv zog no txuas ntxiv ua kom zoo, txhim kho cov txiaj ntsig zoo, thiab muab hom hop tshiab los teb rau cov neeg xav tau brewers.

Ntawm 10 qhov ntau yam hops muag los ntawm Yakima Chief Hops (YCH), plaub yog varietals tsim thiab coj mus rau kev lag luam los ntawm Yakima Chief Ranches (YCR). Rau cov ntaub ntawv, sab saum toj 10 hops ua nyob rau hauv Northwest yog: Citra, CTZ (Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus), Cascade, Simcoe, Mosaic, Centennial, Amarillo, Chinook, Pahto thiab Summit. Yog tias koj haus cov khoom siv tes ua npias koj feem ntau paub tseeb tias yuav tau saj ib qho ntawm 10 tus neeg muag khoom saum toj kawg nkaus.

Kev tshawb fawb tsis yog pheej yig, kev tshawb fawb tsim khoom yog lub luag haujlwm ntawm lub sijhawm thiab nyiaj txiag. Nws yuav siv sijhawm li ntawm 8 xyoo los coj ntau yam tshiab ntawm hops mus rau kev ua lag luam, yog li kev cog lus rau lub varietal tshiab yog kev twv txiaj ntawm kev lag luam tiam sis yog vim li cas YCH tswj kev sib raug zoo nrog YCR. “Yakima Chief Hops tuav txoj kev koom tes muaj zog nrog Yakima Chief Ranches ib lub koom haum uas ua haujlwm los tsim cov hops tshiab los muab cov brewers ntau txoj kev xaiv thaum brewing npias, “hais tias Cait Schut, Communications Manager-YCH. Jason thiab nws pab neeg ua haujlwm txhua xyoo nrog rau Hop Breeding Company kom nrhiav tau cov cog qoob loo tshiab uas muaj txiaj ntsig zoo uas nthuav tawm cov yam ntxwv tshiab brewing, thaum lub sij hawm agronomically siv tau rau peb cov neeg cog qoob loo los tsim. “

Lub tuam txhab Hop Breeding tau muaj qee qhov kev vam meej. “Lub tuam txhab Hop Breeding parlayed lub smash kev vam meej ntawm Citra nrog 2012’s Mosaic, ib tug melange ntawm papaya, blueberry, tangerine thiab txiv duaj. Nws kis tau ib tug indelible tsw profile nrog zoo kawg li broad thov. Mosaic tau ua nrov heev. Nws cov yam ntxwv pab txhais IPAs zoo li Founders. ‘ Mosaic Promise, Hop and Grain’s A Pale Mosaic thiab Karl Strauss’s Mosaic Session IPA, sau Joshua Bernstein thaum Lub Xya Hli 2020 Wine Enthusiast.

“Mosaic yog ib qho patented thiab nrov heev hop ntau yam tsim los ntawm Jason Perrault (tus tswv ntawm YHC) los ntawm nws lub tuam txhab hop yug me nyuam Select Botanicals thiab Hop Breeding Company (HBC). Jason Perrault thiab nws lub tuam txhab, HBC, tau muaj kev vam meej ntau. Nws kuj yog lub luag haujlwm rau ntau hom hop xws li Citra thiab Simcoe, “hais tias Nick Carr hauv tsab xov xwm rau Kegerator.com. Qhov kev vam meej no tau zoo heev yog kwv yees li 10 xyoo hauv kev txhim kho.

Yakima Chief Ranches (YCR) thiab cov kev pab cuam yug me nyuam muaj feem xyuam rau cov khoom lag luam xws li Simcoe®, Ahtanum®, Citra®, Mosaic®, Loral®, thiab Sabro®, uas tau dhau los ua cov npe tsev neeg hauv kev lag luam brewing thiab nrog cov neeg siv khoom paub.

Ntxiv nrog rau kev ua haujlwm ntawm ntau yam tshiab, YCH tseem ua haujlwm hauv kev tsim cov khoom lag luam hop tshiab. Ib yam khoom tshiab tseem ceeb uas tau hais los saum toj no tuaj hauv online hauv 2019 -CRYO HOPS®. “Cov khoom ntawm lub hop yog khaws cia siv ib puag ncig nitrogen-nplua nuj thaum lub sij hawm tag nrho cov txheej txheem, los ntawm kev sib cais ntawm lupulin mus rau pelleting. Cov txheej txheem no proprietary displaces oxygen, ua kom zoo thiab txo cov oxidation ntawm lupulin,” piav qhia Cait Shut.

“Lupulin ntawm tag nrho-nplooj hops muaj cov resins thiab cov roj uas muaj ntxhiab. Nws (CRYO HOPS) yog tsim los muab cov hops tsw thiab aroma, ua rau cov brewers ua tau zoo koob ntau npaum li cas ntawm alpha acids thiab roj yam tsis qhia astringent flavors los yog vegetative khoom,”hais tias Schut. Qhov ntawd yog qhov loj rau brewers.

Lwm yam khoom tshiab kuj yog Fresh Hops-ib qho khoom nyuaj xa tawm tab sis cov khoom lag luam zoo sib txawv yog tias lub tuam txhab tsim cov npias zoo. ‘Fresh’ yog lo lus ua haujlwm. Tsis ntev los no, YCH tau xaj rau lawv cov khoom tshiab Hops los ntawm S. Korean brewer. Rau Tag Nrho Cov Nplooj Hops yuav tsum tau sau tias ‘tshiab’, hops yuav tsum tau nkag mus rau hauv cov txheej txheem brewing nyob rau hauv 36 teev ntawm kev sau qoob loo (txoj hlua hops loj tuaj). YCH tau ua qhov tseeb xa Fresh Hops mus rau brewer hauv S. Kauslim nyob rau hauv lub qhov rais nqaim heev. Qhov no tso cai rau lub brewer los tsim ib lub cim “Fresh” npe npias uas yuav luag ua tsis tau, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog xav txog S. Kauslim yog 5,345 mais deb. Ntxiv rau qhov nyuaj logistics tau ua hauj lwm nrog Tsoom Fwv Teb Chaws thiab Lub Xeev Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Ua Liaj Ua Teb thiab tau txais cov ntaub ntawv tsim nyog los ntawm S. Kauslim kom xa cov hops tshiab Asmeskas.

“Hops yog ib qho khoom xyaw hauv npias uas ua rau muaj kev zoo siab. Tab sis nws yeej tau txais kev zoo siab rau cov neeg siv khoom thaum lawv nkag siab txog cov nuances hops coj mus rau npias npias. siv hops zoo,” hais tias Schut.

Hops yog cog los ntawm cov neeg ua liaj ua teb tiag tiag uas tau ua rau ntau xyoo, nyob rau lub sijhawm zoo thiab tsis zoo. Muaj cov neeg tiag tiag ntawm YCH uas ua haujlwm nrog brewers kom tau txais lawv tshiab hop aromas thiab flavors sim. Nws yog tus neeg ua liaj ua teb hop uas yuav tsum tau sib cav nrog cov neeg tsis paub txhua hnub xws li: huab cua, tus nqi khoom zaum kawg uas tau sib tham ib xyoos ua ntej, hloov tsoomfwv cov cai hauv kev lag luam hauv tsev thiab thoob ntiaj teb, cov txheej txheem sib tw thiab cov khoom lag luam, kev ua haujlwm / nqi hloov pauv, kab tsuag thiab kab mob. nyob rau hauv daim teb uas yuav tsum tau hais txog, tus nqi ntawm cov peev, thiab kev nce nqi, tag nrho cov no thiab ntau dua yog qhov kev txhawj xeeb tas li.

Raws li Cait Schut hais tias, “Ntau thiab ntau tus neeg siv khoom pib paub txog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm hops thiab qhov lawv ntxiv rau kev lom zem ntawm npias. Brewers tseem tab tom nrhiav kev tsim kho tshiab hauv hops uas yuav txawv lawv cov khoom.” Txawm tias qee tus neeg tsim khoom siv tes ua micro-npias tau pib ua kom pom tseeb ntau yam ntawm cov hops uas lawv tau siv hauv daim ntawv lo tsim. Nws tsis yog qhov txawv, ntawm qhov kev tshwm sim npias npias kom hnov ​​​​cov neeg siv khoom koom nrog brewers txog hops lawv siv thiab vim li cas.

Hops xaiv los ntawm craft breweries tsis yog ib qho kev xaiv random. Txhua xyoo, hops kev lag luam txhawb nqa cov xwm txheej thoob plaws ntiaj teb rau cov neeg ua lag luam hauv ntiaj teb uas xav tau nyob twj ywm ntawm cov hops tshiab thiab tau txais kev tawm tswv yim tam sim.

Rau cov neeg siv khoom txaus siab, YCH muaj cov txheej xwm Webinar hu ua Virtual Harvest. Qhov no yog ib hlis ntev, qhov kev tshwm sim hauv online muaj pub dawb thiab qhib rau pej xeem, coj cov neeg nyiam haus npias, homebrewers, thiab thoob ntiaj teb khoom siv tes ua brewers ua ke ‘virtual’ los ntawm thoob plaws lub ntiaj teb. Ntawm no yog lub sijhawm los zaum hauv seminars thiab lectures ntawm txhua yam hops. Qhov xwm txheej no tshwm sim txhua hnub ua haujlwm hauv lub Cuaj Hli thiab ua ntau yam lus thiab lub sijhawm. Cov ntsiab lus ntxiv muaj nyob ntawm: virtualharvest.com.

Cheers!

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