How Do You Able Cell Style Bad To A Cell Restoring the Balance in Beekeeping

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Restoring the Balance in Beekeeping

Honeybees tsis tuaj yeem nyob hauv kev nkag siab tias nyuj lossis npua los yog yaj tau ua. Lawv yog qhov tseem ceeb tsis hloov pauv los ntawm tus txiv neej, txawm tias muaj ntau qhov kev sim ua kom lawv loj hlob kom haum rau peb cov kev xav tau. Lawv qhov tshwj xeeb mating tus cwj pwm thiab lub voj voog me nyuam yaus ua kom ntseeg tau tias ntau haiv neeg thiab kev yoog raws yuav yog cov ntsiab lus tseem ceeb hauv lawv txoj kev hloov pauv.

Raws li kuv pom, peb txoj hauj lwm tseem ceeb yog cov neeg zov muv – los yog cov neeg saib xyuas muv, los yog muv herders – yog ua tib zoo saib thiab to taub peb cov muv kom zoo tshaj plaws ntawm peb lub peev xwm. Peb tsis tuaj yeem nkag mus rau hauv lawv lub ntiaj teb, tab sis peb muaj lub cib fim kom tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo dua ntawm nws. Thiab thaum peb pib nkag siab tob npaum li cas lawv nyob hauv lub ntiaj teb ntuj tsim, thiab qhov ntsuas qhov ntsuas lawv muaj kev cuam tshuam dab tsi hauv lub ntiaj teb ntuj, peb yuav pom peb tus kheej tsis tuaj yeem pom lub ntiaj teb ua haujlwm yam tsis muaj lawv.

Yog li ua ntej pib lub taub hau mus rau hauv kev khaws cov muv, kuv xav kom koj ua pa tob thiab xav txog qhov nws yog qhov uas koj txaus siab rau lawv, vim qhov no yuav muab qee cov ntaub ntawv tseem ceeb rau koj txog yuav ua li cas thiaj li ua tau zoo. Ib teev lossis ob ntawm kev saib xyuas kom zoo ntawm theem no tuaj yeem txuag koj lub lis piam lossis ntau lub sijhawm, teeb meem thiab nyiaj txiag.

Txhawm rau pab koj txiav txim siab qhov twg koj sawv ntawm ‘beekeeping spectrum’, Kuv tau txheeb xyuas rau 6 hom kev khaws muv, peb ntawm cov uas poob rau ntawm ‘conventional’ thiab peb ntawm ‘natural’ sab:

  • Ua liaj ua teb zib mu: ntau lawm-tsom ntsoov, intensive tswj ntawm muv kom siab tshaj plaws zib mu tawm los los yog migratory pollination. Feem ntau suav nrog kev noj qab haus huv niaj hnub thiab tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob, suav nrog tshuaj tua kab mob thiab tshuaj tua kab mob. Poj huab tais feem ntau yog tsa siv cov khoom tsim tawm thiab hloov ntau zaus, thaum cov drones raug tshem tawm thiab swarming yog tiv thaiv los ntawm excision ntawm poj huab tais hlwb los yog los ntawm kev faib cov cheeb tsam. Feem ntau muaj qee qhov kev txav ntawm khaus khaus, qee zaum dhau qhov deb loj. Qhov no yog kev lag luam khiav kom tau nyiaj, tab sis zoo li lwm yam kev ua liaj ua teb, yuav muaj xyoo zoo thiab phem.
  • Sab nraum zoov beekeeping: me me, ib nrab hnub version ntawm zib mu ua liaj ua teb. Lub hom phiaj tseem ceeb yog cov txiaj ntsig, tab sis koj txoj kev noj qab haus huv yuav tsis nyob ntawm nws.
  • Koom haum beekeeping: ib qho me me version ntawm kev lag luam lossis kev ua lag luam beekeeping, raws li kev txhawb nqa thiab qhia los ntawm feem ntau cov koom haum saib xyuas muv. Feem ntau lub hom phiaj tseem yog los tsim cov nyiaj ntau tshaj plaws ntawm zib mu, tab sis los ntawm tsawg dua khaus thiab tsis tas rau nqi zog nyiaj txiag. Poj huab tais feem ntau raug cim thiab txiav thiab feem ntau lwm yam kev hwm txoj kev ape cov neeg ua liaj ua teb zib mu.
  • Balanced beekeeping: qhov tseem ceeb yog kev noj qab haus huv ntawm muv thiab pab txhawb kev coj tus cwj pwm ntawm muv, nrog rau lub hom phiaj ntawm kev muab cov xwm txheej uas muv yuav nrhiav tau lawv tus kheej cov kev daws teeb meem. Kev txwv tsis pub noj zib ntab thiab lwm yam khoom siv muv tsuas yog thaum muaj ntau thiab tsim nyog. Beekeepers tuaj yeem siv los yog tsis siv cov tshuaj tua kab mob los yog tshuaj, tab sis yog tias lawv ua, lawv siv cov tshuaj tsis muaj tshuaj lom, uas txhawb nqa muv noj qab haus huv es tsis yog lub hom phiaj tshwj xeeb. Poj huab tais yog qhib-mated, splits xaiv tau thiab swarming tej zaum yuav los yog yuav tsis tswj.
  • Ntuj beekeeping: zoo ib yam li ‘balanced beekeeping’, nrog rau qhov tseem ceeb ntawm ‘ua-tsis muaj dab tsi’ mus kom ze. Kev tswj me me los yog tsis muaj kev sim, thiab tsis tshua muaj kev sib cais los yog huab tais-txhawb nqa ua dhau qhov uas cov muv ua lawv tus kheej. Hives tsis tshua qhib; kev soj ntsuam niaj hnub raug poob siab; zib mu tsis tshua noj; lwm cov khoom siv Hive NW nyuam qhuav tag nrho.
  • Kev txuag beekeeping: bees rau lawv tus kheej sake; tsis muaj zib ntab noj thiab tsis muaj tshuaj xyuas, kho lossis pub mis. Bees ua raws li lawv nyiam thiab coj lawv txoj hauv kev nrog huab cua thiab zaub mov. Bee-friendly nroj tsuag tuaj yeem muab tso rau hauv txoj kev txuag-style, uas tuaj yeem suav nrog lwm hom pollinator.

Thaum kuv tau qhia cov no raws li cov pawg sib txawv, lawv yuav tsum tau xav tias yog ntu ntawm cov spectrum txuas ntxiv, los ntawm feem ntau mus rau qhov tsis txaus ntseeg thiab los ntawm feem ntau mus rau tsawg kawg ‘tsim-tsim’. Nws kuj tseem ua tau – tsawg kawg, hauv txoj kev xav – rau ib tus neeg tsim khoom siv zib ntab los ua haujlwm apiaries raws ‘Darwinian’ kab – tsis muaj tshuaj thiab tso siab rau cov khoom muaj sia nyob – yog li kaw lub voj voog.

Tej zaum koj yuav pom tias nyob rau hauv cov npe saum toj no kuv tsis tau hais txog tej yam tshwj xeeb ntawm lub Hive. Thaum nws muaj tseeb tias qee qhov kev tsim qauv tsim nyog rau cov kev siv tshwj xeeb, nws muaj peev xwm ua tau ‘sib npaug beekeeper’ siv cov kab ke sib xyaw ua ke, thiab hauv Fabkis muaj cov neeg ua liaj ua teb zib ntab siv Warré khaus – qhov sib txawv ntawm qhov sib txawv ntawm sab saum toj bar Hive, uas yog tsim los rau zib mu ntau lawm.

Nws kuj tseem yuav ua tau zoo kawg nkaus los ua tus ‘kev cuam tshuam’ beekeeper nyob rau hauv ib lub tsev pheeb suab sab saum toj, yog li kuv tsis xav tias nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau categorize beekeepers purely los ntawm cov duab ntawm lawv khaus los yog txawm lawv tus cwj pwm zoo: nws yog lawv lub hom phiaj thiab tus cwj pwm. rau lawv cov muv uas tseem ceeb.

Lub hauv paus chiv keeb ntawm ‘natural beekeeping’

Qee tus ntawm koj uas tau nyeem kuv phau ntawv thiab paub txog kuv txoj hauv kev yuav xav tsis thoob vim li cas kuv tshwm sim los tsim ib pawg ntawm beekeeping – pom tseeb tawm ntawm huab cua nyias – ib yam li peb tau dhau los siv lo lus ‘natural beekeeping’. Qhov no ‘balanced beekeeping’ khoom tuaj qhov twg?

Lo lus ‘natural beekeeping’ yog thawj zaug (rau kuv txoj kev paub) qhib kev sib tham ntawm lub rooj sib tham txog li kaum tus neeg txaus siab ntawm lub chaw ua haujlwm ntawm Bees for Development hauv Monmouth xyoo 2009. Peb tau sim nrhiav lub ntsiab lus dav dav rau qhov peb txhua tus tau sim. – nyob rau hauv txoj kev sib txawv me ntsis – kom ua tiav, thiab sib txawv ntawm peb tus kheej los ntawm cov qauv siv raws li kev qhia dav dav hauv UK thiab lwm qhov. Thaum peb lees paub qhov tsis sib haum xeeb nyuaj rau hauv lub sijhawm, peb kuj xav tias nws txhawb kev sib tham thiab ua rau muaj kev sib txawv ntawm qhov peb xav ua.

Puas tau txij li lub rooj sib tham ntawd, tau muaj kev sib tham txuas ntxiv txog dab tsi ‘natural beekeeping’ txhais tau tias – muab tias tsis muaj kev khaws muv yog ntuj tsim – thiab peb yuav tsum ua li cas, thiab dab tsi yog qhov tsis zoo ntawm cov qauv siv. Qhov kev sib tham no tau ua rau muaj kev sib txawv ntxiv thiab nws tau dhau los ua qhov tseeb rau kuv tias qee tus ‘ntuj’ beekeepers tau nqis los – yam tsawg kawg ntawm kev sim – ntawm ‘tsis muaj kev cuam tshuam’ sab ntawm lub laj kab, nyiam saib muv thiab khaws cia rau hauv cov thawv tsis tsim los. qhib ntau zaus – lossis tag nrho, qee zaum – thaum lwm tus xav kom muv nyob rau hauv ib txoj kev uas tseem tso cai rau qee qhov kev ntsuas ntawm swarm tswj, ua raws li kev soj ntsuam cov cai thiab muaj peev xwm tshem tawm qee cov zib ntab thaum muaj ntau.

Nyob rau hauv luv luv, ‘natural beekeeping’ zoo li tau hloov mus rau ‘kev txuag’ kawg ntawm lub spectrum thiab tsim ib tug sib txawv ntawm nws tus kheej thiab cov ‘ amateur beekeeping ‘ txhawb los ntawm cov pa beekeeping koom haum. Qhov no yog qhov sib txawv uas, kuv xav, ‘balanced beekeeping’ zoo siab zaum.

Balanced beekeeping: bridging qhov sib txawv

Balanced beekeeping, yog li ntawd, tso cai rau kev siv ntau yam khoom siv thiab txoj hauv kev, thaum nyiam nyiam ‘natural’ dua li cov pa. Nws yog rau cov neeg uas xav ua ntau tshaj li tsuas yog saib muv: lawv xav ua muv ‘keepers’ es tsis yog muv ‘havers’; lawv xav kom muaj kev sib raug zoo nrog lawv cov muv ntau dua li tau tso cai los ntawm tsis txhob qhib lub Hive – thaum nkag siab tias qhov no yuav tsum tau ua kom zoo siab thiab tsis ntau dhau. Lawv xav kom cov muv noj qab nyob zoo yam tsis tau siv tshuaj, tab sis lawv kuj zoo siab rau tus kws tshuaj xyuas muv hu qee zaus thiab xyuas lawv cov nqi rau cov tsos mob. Yog hais tias lub Hive ua phem-tempered thiab pib ua rau muaj kev ntxhov siab rau cov neeg nyob ze, lawv txaus siab thiab muaj peev xwm hloov tus poj huab tais yog tias tsim nyog, lossis txav lub Hive mus rau lwm qhov chaw. Thaum combs ua dub nrog lub hnub nyoog thiab propolis, lawv tuaj yeem tshem tau yooj yim. Yog tias lub Hive ua zib ntab, lawv tuaj yeem kho qhov teeb meem. Lawv paub yuav ua li cas tsa ob peb tus poj huab tais ntxiv – yog tias tsim nyog – thiab lawv tuaj yeem qhia tau thaum twg ib cheeb tsam xav tau kev pub mis ntxiv thiab tuaj yeem muab rau nws: lawv paub tias kev noj beekeeping yog ib qho kev tshawb fawb thiab kev kos duab thiab niaj hnub siv zog los txhim kho lawv cov kev txawj ntse.

Yog li qhov sib npaug ntawm qhov chaw ntawm kev ua ntau dhau thiab tsis ua dab tsi; ua dhau-tswj thiab cia qhov xwm txheej coj nws mus; ua bee- farmer thiab bee-watcher.

Kuv xav hais tias peb lub hauv paus ntsiab lus kuv tau piav qhia hauv Tub Npis Xyooj tag nrho siv rau cov sector no thiab tseem tsis tas yuav tsum muaj ‘phau ntawv txoj cai’ – txhua tus tuaj yeem txiav txim siab raws nraim qhov sib npaug rau lawv tus kheej.

Balanced beekeeping yog hais txog kev ua hauj lwm nrog lub ntuj impulses thiab tus cwj pwm ntawm cov muv, hwm kev ncaj ncees ntawm cov brood chamber, ua rau lawv txaus zib ntab khw muag khoom nyob rau lub caij ntuj no thiab feem ntau npaj tej yam nyob rau hauv thiaj li yuav ua rau lawv cov muv raws li me ntsis kev ntxhov siab thiab cuam tshuam li sai tau, thaum ua. txaus siab thiab muaj peev xwm cuam tshuam thaum muv xav tau kev pab lossis thaum lawv cov dej num ua rau muaj kev cuam tshuam rau lwm tus.

Piv nrog rau qhov ntau ‘zaum zib ntab’ txoj hauv kev, ntau lub sij hawm siv los soj ntsuam cov muv thiab qee qhov kev ua haujlwm yuav tsum tau ua me ntsis ntau zaus: kev sau zib mu, piv txwv li, yuav ua tau los ntawm kev noj me me rau lub sijhawm. lub lis piam los yog hli, es tsis yog txhua txhua-ib-ib zaug, smash-and-grab raid xyaum los ntawm zib mu ua liaj ua teb thiab feem ntau amateurs.

Peb tsis xav kom rho tawm txhua qhov ua tau ntawm cov zib ntab los ntawm lub Hive. Peb hwm cov muv ‘yuav tsum tau noj lawv lub khw muag khoom – tshwj xeeb tshaj yog thaum lub caij ntuj no – thiab suav cov qab zib phoov yog ib qho khoom noj tsis zoo uas yuav tsum tau muab tsuas yog thaum cov muv luv luv ntawm lawv tus kheej cov zaub mov, vim huab cua tsis zoo los yog lwm yam ua rau.

Txhawb nqa lwm hom

Peb cov phooj ywg ntuj yog cov neeg ua teb, cov neeg ua liaj ua teb me thiab tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov neeg uas nkag siab thiab siv cov ntsiab lus ntawm permaculture, uas kuj yog cov hauv paus ntsiab lus ntawm xwm. Kev sib raug zoo thiab kev sib raug zoo nrog peb cov muv yuav tsum tau ua raws li qhov kev sib koom ua ke tiag tiag: peb yuav tsum tau kawm ntxiv txog yuav ua li cas cov colony ua haujlwm ua tiav, qhov chaw nyob thiab ntau txoj hauv kev uas nws cuam tshuam nrog nws ib puag ncig, nrog peb thiab nrog rau lwm yam muaj sia. Tau ntev dhau los peb tau raug kaw rau hauv qhov tsis sib npaug, qhov qub, kev txo qis, cuam tshuam nrog cov muv zoo li lawv tsuas yog cov tshuab tsim los rau peb cov txiaj ntsig xwb, es tsis txhob hloov pauv ntau, tsiaj qus, uas peb muaj cai rau ua haujlwm.

Kuv ntseeg tias kev khaws cov muv rau zib ntab yuav tsum yog me me, hauv zos thiab ua raws li kev hwm ntawm cov muv thiab kev txaus siab ntawm qhov tseem ceeb uas lawv ua si hauv peb txoj kev ua liaj ua teb thiab hauv ntiaj teb ntuj. Kuv tsis pom zoo rau qhov loj, kev lag luam beekeeping vim nws inevitably ua rau ‘lub Hoobkas ua liaj ua teb’ kev xav nyob rau hauv txoj kev bees raug kho, tuav thiab robbed. Kuv ntseeg tias peb yuav tsum xav txog zib ntab tsawg dua li cov khoom noj thiab ntau ntxiv ua tshuaj, thiab kho peb cov kev noj kom haum. Peb yuav tsum tsis txhob cia siab tias yuav pom cov khw muag khoom loj rhawv siab nrog cov hub ntawm zib ntab los ntawm thoob plaws ntiaj teb, zoo li yog jam lossis txiv laum huab xeeb. Zib ntab yuav tsum muaj nuj nqis raws li cov khoom ntawm ntau muv-mais thiab assimilation ntawm priceless nectar los ntawm myriad paj.

Ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm ‘sib npaug’ yog los xyuas kom meej tias peb cov dej num ua beekeepers tsis muaj kev cuam tshuam tsis zoo rau lwm hom. Honeybees hloov zuj zus mus nyob hauv cov cheeb tsam uas faib thoob plaws hauv thaj av raws li qhov muaj zaub mov thiab chaw nyob. Kev quab yuam 20, 50, 100 lossis ntau dua cov cheeb tsam los sib faib thaj chaw uas – feem ntau – ib nrab ntawm lub kaum os yuav nyob ib puag ncig yuav ua rau muaj ntau yam kab mob thiab kab mob. Unnaturally loj concentrations ntawm honeybees kuj tuaj yeem hem cov tsiaj txhu thiab yog li muaj lwm yam kab mob tseem ceeb, xws li bumblebees, mason bees thiab ntau lwm hom uas muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau cov tsiaj qus thiab cog qoob loo. Qhov no txhais tau hais tias peb tsis tshaj tawm ib qho chaw twg thiab peb tsim qhov chaw nyob rau lwm hom, uas yuav siv tau rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm ‘bee hotels’ los yog tsuas yog pawg ntawm cov ntoo qub thiab nplooj. Txhua yam uas tau ua los txhim kho ib puag ncig rau honeybees kuj yuav muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau lwm cov pollinators.

Muaj kev txaus siab ntawm kev sib cuam tshuam ntawm txhua yam muaj sia, thiab kev nkag siab txog qhov cuam tshuam ntawm peb tus kheej hom tau muaj thiab tseem muaj, ua rau peb tsis muaj kev cia siab rau qhov xaus tias peb muaj lub luag haujlwm rau txhua yam uas taug kev lossis nkag los yog slithers hauv ntiaj teb. los yog hauv qab nws, los yog ua luam dej nyob rau hauv hiav txwv los yog ya nyob rau hauv cov huab cua, thiab muab lub ntiaj teb no muaj nuj nqis nrog peb. Raws li cov muv khaws cia, peb muaj lub luag haujlwm tshwj xeeb los ua ‘cov neeg saib xyuas ntiaj teb’.

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