How Do We Craete A Reference List In Apa Style Figures of Speech: Crowning Glory of English Language, Explained From Common Usage and From Poetry

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Figures of Speech: Crowning Glory of English Language, Explained From Common Usage and From Poetry

1. Taw qhia:

Ib hom lus tau lees paub zoo hauv Cov Ntawv Sau los ntawm kev tsim txiaj ntawm nws ntau yam tshwj xeeb ntawm cov qauv sau ntawv. Cov duab ntawm kev hais lus nyob rau hauv ib hom lus tsim ib lub niche rau ib hom lus thiab nyob rau hauv no hwm lus Askiv occupies ib tug tshwj xeeb qhov chaw nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no ntawm Literature los ntawm virtue ntawm zoo nkauj daim ntaub ntawv ntawm kev hais lus. Ntau hom lus siv cov duab ntawm kev hais lus tab sis lus Askiv sawv cev vim nws siv niaj hnub no.

Cov nuj nqis ntawm kev hais lus feem ntau yog siv los ntawm cov kws sau ntawv zoo, cov neeg hais lus txawj ntse, cov kws sau paj huam thiab cov kws ua yeeb yam muaj txiaj ntsig. Peb yuav pom, hauv tsab xov xwm no yuav ua li cas cov txuj ci no siv cov txheej txheem no los ntxiv luster thiab lub yeeb koob rau cov lus.

Tab sis ib yam yog yuav tsum tau hais rau qhov ntawd, kev kawm cov lus qhia los ntawm kev tawm dag zog muaj kev txwv siv thiab tsuas yog qhov zoo hauv yug los tuaj yeem muab cov txuj ci no. Txawm li cas los xij, los ntawm kev nyeem ntau cov ntawv thiab mloog cov lus qhuab qhia, ib tus tuaj yeem txhim kho, theej nws cov txuj ci hauv kev yug los thiab nthuav tawm lawv cov ntawv sau ntau dua.

Nrog ob peb lo lus ntawm kev taw qhia, cia kuv txheeb xyuas cov duab ntawm kev hais lus hauv ntau cov ntawv sau ib tom qab.

2. Daim duab ntawm kev hais lus yog dab tsi?

Txhua tus kws sau ntawv lossis tus kws sau paj huam yuav tso nws tus ntsuj plig rau hauv nws cov ntawv sau thiab cov ntawv sau zoo li no, yog li ntawd yuav yog tus sawv cev dawb huv ntawm nws tus ntsuj plig. Nws cov neeg nyeem yuav tsum nyob rau hauv consonance nrog tib lub wavelength thiab paub txog tus ntsuj plig qab lub creations. Cov lus Mere yuav tsis txaus los ua txoj haujlwm no vim hais tias cov lus tsuas yog sawv cev rau lub cev thiab nws xav tau cov txheej txheem tob dua los qhia thiab nkag siab tus ntsuj plig. Cov duab ntawm kev hais lus yuav ua txoj haujlwm no; Cov lus yuav tsis zoo ib yam uas yuav tsum tau qhia lub ntsiab lus tab sis ib yam dab tsi dhau lub ntsiab lus los qhia tus ntsuj plig. Lus Askiv yog nplua nuj nyob rau hauv cov txheej txheem no thiab muaj ob peb hom kev hais lus. Hauv kab lus no peb yuav pom ob peb ntawm lawv. Los ntawm tsis muaj txhais tau tias nws yog ib daim ntawv teev tag nrho thiab nws yog sab laug rau cov neeg nyeem kom nyeem ntau prose thiab paj huam kom paub ntau ntxiv thiab ntau cov duab ntawm kev hais lus.

Nws yuav tsis tawm ntawm qhov chaw hais tias cov lus classical Tamil yog nplua nuj nyob rau hauv cov txheej txheem no thiab qee qhov piv txwv los ntawm cov lus Tamil kuj tau muab.

3. Similes thiab metaphors:

Cov ntsiab lus tseem ceeb tshaj plaws ntawm kev hais lus yog simile thiab piv txwv. Yuav tsis muaj ib tus kws sau ntawv lossis kws sau paj huam tsis siv ob qho no. Ib qho piv txwv yog kev sib piv ntawm ob yam uas siv cov lus zoo li ‘yog li los yog’, uas muaj qee qhov sib xws.

Cov kws sau paj lug ib txwm muab piv rau poj niam rau lub hli (txias thiab zoo nkauj) thiab txiv neej mus rau tsov ntxhuav (siab tawv thiab zoo nraug) Qee zaum cov poj niam piv rau cov ntoo thiab txiv neej rau cov ntoo tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov ntoo ntoo. Hauv lwm lo lus Txiv neej yeej ib txwm muaj zog zoo li teak ntoo, whereas tus creeper embraces tsob ntoo tawm ntawm kev hlub. Lwm qhov piv txwv feem ntau siv yog, Tus txiv neej tawm ntawm kev lim hiam hauv siab spoils lub neej ntawm tus poj niam zoo li lub paj yog nyem los ntawm cov tsiaj qus.

Kev xav ntawm cov kws sau paj huam tsis muaj kev cia siab. Lawv tsis txaus siab los ntawm kev piav txog tus hlub li lub hli, tab sis nws yog lub hli flawless. Rau lub hli tsuas muaj ib hnub nkaus li lub hli xwb, tab sis rau koj tus hlub txhua hnub yog hnub hli tag nrho (vim koj qhov kev zoo nkauj yeej tsis ploj mus) yog li sau tus kws sau paj huam.

Metaphor txawv ntawm simile nyob rau hauv lub siab hais tias nws tsis yog muab piv ob yam tab sis khov ob qho tib si rau hauv ib qho.

“Tus tsov ntxhuav roared hais tias nws yuav ua tiav txoj kev ywj pheej” – piav qhia txog kev ywj pheej fighter

Hauv qab no yog ib co piv txwv ntawm similes thiab metaphors.

“Kuv taug kev kho siab ib yam li huab …”

“Nruam li cov hnub qub uas ci

Thiab twinkle nyob rau hauv Milky Way ”

-Ob leeg tsim cov paj huam ‘Daffodils’ sau los ntawm William Wordsworth.

Yog hais tias lub neej yog ib txoj kev taug, taug kev,

Yog lub neej yog kev ua si, ua si,

Yog lub neej yog kev sib tw, ntsib nws,

Yog hais tias lub neej yog kev sib ntaus, yeej nws.

“A Himalayan blunders”, ib kab lus siv los ntawm Gandhi.

4. Hyperbole thiab Litotes:

Hyperbole yog qhov tshwj xeeb zoo ntawm Poets. Nyob rau hauv lub neej zoo tib yam, kev dag yog kev ua txhaum, tab sis nyob rau hauv paj huam, kev dag yog heev xav kom nyiam thiab qhuas ntawm cov neeg nyeem. Nws kuj yog exaggeration mus rau ib tug loj npaum li cas. Txawm hais tias nws yog lus dag, nws yuav piav txog qhov xwm txheej zoo thiab muaj lus dag tus kws sau paj huam zoo kawg nkaus.

Qee qhov piv txwv ntawm Hyperbole:

Tus sau xav ntxiv qee qhov kev lom zem rau hauv kab lus no thiab kab lus hauv qab no piav qhia txog kev siv hyperbole yuav ua haujlwm rau lub hom phiaj.

Hauv Is Nrias teb, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog hauv Tamilnadu, tib neeg siv hyperboles los ua kom lawv cov thawj coj thiab lwm yam dawb do. Cov piv txwv hauv qab no yuav piav qhia qhov no.

Lub sijhawm tus thawj coj nom tswv tau txais qee qhov kev lees paub, cov ntawv tshaj tawm phab ntsa thoob plaws lub nroog yuav raug muab tso rau qhuas nws

“Ua neej nyob ntev peb tus thawj coj mus tas li,

Tsuas yog qhia koj tus ntiv tes me me, peb yuav coj lub ntiaj teb rau koj ko taw ”

Koj yog peb pa, koj yog peb cov zaub mov koj yog peb lub neej thiab lwm yam ”

(Hauv kev xaiv tsa tom ntej no, yog tias tus thawj coj swb lawm, cov ntawv tshaj tawm kuj yuav ploj mus, thiab cov ntawv tshaj tawm tshiab qhuas tus yeej yuav tshwm sim. Tom qab tag nrho ‘Tsis muaj dab tsi ua tiav zoo li kev vam meej’..

Lwm qhov chaw uas tau txais kev hlub thiab kev hlub ntau dua los ntawm pej xeem yog kev ua yeeb yaj kiab. Cov kiv cua yuav ua kev zoo siab rau matinee mlom ntawm lawv hnub yug raws li hauv qab no:

“Koj yog lub hnub, koj muab lub teeb rau Nws. Thaum koj tsa Nws sawv, thaum koj kaw koj lub qhov muag, Nws yuav tsaus ntuj.”

Lub ntiaj teb tig los vim yog koj. Tus tsov ntxhuav tau hnov ​​​​ntawm koj luag, paj tawg vim koj luag” thiab lwm yam.

Litotes yog qhov ntxeev ntawm nws, uas yog degrade ib yam los ntawm kev hais lus tsis zoo.

Piv txwv li: “Okay, Daim duab tsis phem” txhais tau hais tias daim duab zoo txaus siab.

Tus txiv neej tsis ruam txhais tau tias tus txiv neej ntse. 5 Euphemisms, Dysphemism thiab Oxymoron.

5. Euphemism yog qhia qhov tsis pom zoo nyob rau hauv txoj kev pom zoo.

“Huag! Kuv tus thawj coj pw tsaug zog nyob ntawd!” txhais tau tias nws tuag thiab faus rau ntawd.

“Kuv yuav mus rau chav so” txhais tau tias kuv mus rau chav dej thiab lwm yam

Dysphemism yog opposite ntawm Euphemism.

Piv txwv li: Hu ib tug txiv neej thrifty li ‘stingy khub’.

Hu rau tus neeg tua neeg ywj pheej li ‘neeg ua phem’

Ib tus thawj coj ruaj khov yog lub npe hu ua ‘pw headed khub’.

Oxymoron tab tom sib txuas ob yam tsis sib xws los txhais ib qho tshwj xeeb.

Leej Txiv hais tias: “Koj yog ib tug neeg txawj ntse, koj muaj txoj kev ntse los caw teeb meem.”

“Kuv ua haujlwm yeem tawm ntawm kev yuam”

Vajntxwv yog ib tug neeg muaj kev hlub tshua.

“Tus khub tau mloog lus siab tawv”

UN xa nws ‘kev sib haum xeeb’ rau cov teb chaws ua tsov rog.

6. Tus kheej:

Personification yog xav txog tej yam uas tsis muaj sia li muaj txoj sia.

“Au, Kev tuag, ua cas koj tso koj txhais tes siab phem rau tag nrho cov neeg loj!

Auj kev tuag, koj yuav tsis tuag ib hnub”, kom lwm tus yuav muaj sia nyob- coj los ntawm Tamil paj huam.

“Saib seb! Nws kev khav theeb thiab Vanity yuav hais lus”

7. Apostrophe:

“Huag. Mahatma (Gandhi) Puas yog rau qhov no, koj tau txais kev ywj pheej rau peb?”

Qhov no yog kev sib tham ncaj qha nrog cov neeg tuag zoo li lawv tseem muaj sia nyob thiab sawv ntawm peb.

Qee zaum cov khoom uas tsis muaj sia yog xav tias muaj txoj sia thiab lawv tau hais.

Au, Is Nrias teb, Puas muaj leej twg cawm koj ntawm qhov kev puas tsuaj no?

“Huag, Indian xinesmas, koj puas muaj yav tom ntej”?

8. Antithesis:

Antithesis yog qhia ob yam tsis sib haum xeeb hauv ib kab lus kom hais txog qhov tshwj xeeb.

Qhov piv txwv zoo tshaj ntawm kev tiv thaiv yog ‘; Txiv neej qhia, Vajtswv muab pov tseg ‘uas qhia tias tsis muaj dab tsi nyob hauv peb txhais tes.

Kev ua yuam kev yog tib neeg tab sis kev zam txim yog Divine.

Kev hais lus yog nyiaj tab sis kev ntsiag to yog golden.

“Tsis yog tias kuv hlub Caesar tsawg dua, tab sis kuv hlub Rome ntau dua”

9. Epigram:

Epigrams yog yuav luag cov lus pov thawj sib xws rau kev tawm tsam, kev xav tsis thoob hauv lub siab ntawm cov neeg mloog.

Fools maj nroos nyob qhov twg cov tim tswv ntshai tread.

Me nyuam yog leej txiv ntawm tus txiv neej.

Paj huam yog tsis muaj dab tsi tab sis ib tug glorified dag.

Kev sib yuav yog kev ua niam ntiav raws cai.

10: Irony:

Irony yog ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm cov paj huam thiab ua yeeb yam. Irony ntawm cov xwm txheej txhim kho pathos nyob rau hauv lawv thiab kev xav txog cov txuj ci ntawm tus kws sau ntawv lossis kws sau paj huam. Nws yog ib lub ntsiab lus uas ntau txhiab tus piv txwv los ntawm paj huam, prose, plays thiab films yuav muab. Qhov tseeb nws yuav tsum muaj cov ntawv xov xwm los npog cov ncauj lus loj no. Txawm li cas los xij, cia kuv kaw kom hais txog ob peb yam piv txwv los qhia txog qhov kev hais lus no. (Cov piv txwv muab los ntawm tus kheej kev soj ntsuam).

I).Peb tau pom ntau zaj yeeb yaj kiab, tus menyuam raug cais ntawm leej txiv. Tus Irony yog leej txiv yuav pab nws tus menyuam nyob rau ntau qhov xwm txheej nyuaj yam tsis paub tias nws pab nws tus menyuam.

ii) Cov neeg nyiam sib cais los ntawm txoj hmoo phem. Thaum tus hlub tau ntsib nws tus hlub tom qab hais tias, tsib xyoos, nws tsis muaj lwm yam tshaj li nws niam, tau sib yuav nws txiv. Lub irony yog ntxiv thaum nws pom tias yog qhov muag tsis pom.

iii) Ib tug me nyuam kawm ntawv tuaj sib cav nrog ib tug poj niam. Thaum nws mus txog nws lub tsev xeem, nws xav tsis thoob tias nws tsis yog nws tus kws qhia ntawv tshiab.

Cov neeg nyeem tau thov kom nyeem ntau paj huam thiab prose thiab txheeb xyuas daim duab ntawm kev hais lus thiab txaus siab rau kev nplua nuj ntawm cov lus.

11. PIB:

PUN tab tom hais ib lo lus uas muab lub ntsiab lus sib txawv: Qee tus neeg yog cov kws tshaj lij hauv txoj kev hais lus no. Nws yuav tsum muaj kev txawj ntse ntau los sau rau ib lo lus tshwj xeeb.

Ib qho piv txwv nto moo ntawm qhov no yog “Mr … xeeb thrice thiab xa tsis muaj dab tsi” tawm tswv yim rau ib tug neeg Askiv MP uas hais tias, “Kuv xeeb tub, kuv xeeb tub, kuv xeeb” tab sis tsis ua tiav cov lus.

Ib leej txiv, nyob rau hnub huab cua, hais tias, “Tshav ntuj tsis kaj, thiab kuv tus tub tsis kaj” los tawm tswv yim txog nws tus tub txoj kev ua tau zoo.

“Peb ‘dye’ rau koj”, daim ntawv kos npe.

Peb nyob ntev npaum li cas, nws nyob ntawm ‘siab’.

12. Metonymy:

Nws txhais tau tias hloov lub npe, los ntawm kev tsim txiaj ntawm cov dej num ua tiav:

Lub rooj ntev zaum (Cov Kws Txiav Txim) tau txais txiaj ntsig kev tuag.

Lub tribune (Peb pawg neeg ua haujlwm) tau txiav txim siab qhov kev thov.

Vajntxwv (Vajntxwv) txaus siab thiab lwm yam.

Cov kws qhia ntawv (Xib Fwb) tau ntsib

13. Climax thiab anti-climax:

Climax yog qhov kawg ntawm kab lus nyob rau hauv daim ntawv zoo, thiab nrog rau qhov tsis zoo yog ‘anti-climax’.

Nws txawj ntse, ua hauj lwm, txawj ntse, txawj ntse, thiab qhov tseeb nws yog ‘Intelligence personified’.

Nws yog kuv tus phooj ywg, Philosopher thiab Guide thiab nyob rau hauv luv luv, nws yog kuv tus Vajtswv.

Nws zoo nkauj heev. charming, gorgeous thiab tsis muaj lwm yam tshaj li Venus uas tau tuaj rau lub ntiaj teb.

Nov yog qee qhov piv txwv ntawm Climax.

Piv txwv ntawm anti-climax yog:

Nws yog ib tug neeg nplua nuj zoo li Vajtswv uas muaj nyiaj txiag, muaj txhua yam kub thiab nyiaj, thiab yeej tsis muab ib tug paisa rau cov neeg pluag.

Nws yuav khoom noj, dej haus thiab txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntau ntau, tab sis tsis tuaj yeem noj txawm tias ib qho ntawm tus kws kho mob cov lus qhia (tseem yog piv txwv ntawm Irony)

Nws yog ib tus neeg ncaws pob zoo tshaj plaws, sawv cev rau pab pawg hauv tsev kawm qib siab hauv ntau qhov kev ua si thiab tsis tau ntaus lub hom phiaj.

Dej txhua qhov chaw, tsis yog ib qho poob rau haus.

14. Xaus:

Cov no yog ob peb yam piv txwv yooj yim ntawm daim duab ntawm kev hais lus feem ntau rov tsim dua los ntawm kev soj ntsuam tus kheej thiab qee qhov, los ntawm cov piv txwv paub. Qhov no tsuas yog lub ntsis ntawm cov dej khov nab kuab (tsis yog ib qho hyperbole) Qhov tseeb yog thaj chaw loj ntawm txhua hom lus uas xav tau kev kawm tob. Tab sis tus cwj pwm nrog rau feem ntau ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm yog hla tshooj no uas ib txwm tuaj nyob rau hauv cov chav kawm ntawv sau lus kawg thiab zoo li tsis meej los kawm. Kab lus no tuaj yeem pab tsim kev taw qhia rau qhov kev kawm no. Yog tias cov neeg nyeem tau mob siab kawm ntxiv txog cov duab ntawm kev hais lus, lub hom phiaj ntawm tsab xov xwm no txaus siab.

Kuv xav kom cov neeg nyeem txhua qhov zoo tshaj plaws.

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